Fibrinopeptide A and platelet factor levels in unstable angina pectoris.
Fibrinopeptide A, platelet factor 4, beta-thromboglobulin, thromboxane B2, and 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha were estimated by radioimmunoassay on venous plasma samples taken within 48 hr of admission from 16 consecutive patients with unstable angina and 15 patients with stable angina matched for clinical variables. The ratio of circulating platelet aggregates, platelet aggregation to increasing concentrations of ADP (0.455 to 1.82 micrograms/ml), and platelet thromboxane B2 production in vitro were also tested. The two groups of patients were statistically similar in terms of sex distribution, age, presence of risk factors, use of medication, extent of coronary artery disease and history of previous myocardial infarction. Mean plasma levels of fibrinopeptide A were 2.7 +/- 0.4 ng/ml (geometric means +/- SEM, range 1.5 to 5.5) in patients with stable angina vs 5.5 +/- 1.8 ng/ml (range 2.4 to 32; p less than .001) in those with unstable angina. In the latter group, after 6 to 8 days, fibrinopeptide A levels decreased to 3.6 +/- 0.5 ng/ml (range 1.5 to 9.3; p less than .04 vs admission). All other variables measured were statistically identical in the two groups. We conclude that plasma fibrinopeptide A levels, as opposed to platelet factors, discriminate between patients with unstable and stable angina, indicating an activation of the coagulation system in unstable angina.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association