The association of increased levels of intermediate-density lipoproteins with smoking and with coronary artery disease.
Studies were undertaken to determine whether there is an association between elevated levels of intermediate-density lipoproteins (IDL) (Sf 12-60 lipoproteins) and coronary artery disease. Forty-five to sixty-five-year-old men with objectively documented coronary artery disease (n = 58) who were free of known risk factors (diabetes, hypertension, obesity, hyperuricemia, and hypercholesterolemia) were compared with similar men who were free of coronary artery disease (n = 52). Smokers could not be excluded. The coronary artery disease group had a higher rate of cigarette smoking (NS, due to large variations); higher concentrations of triglycerides in their plasma (p = .003) and higher levels of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) (p = .007), IDL (p = .016), and low-density lipoproteins (LDL) (p = .04); as well as somewhat lower levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (p = .04). Chi-squared analysis demonstrated a strong association between coronary artery disease and IDL apolipoprotein (apo) B (p = .006), coronary artery disease and IDL triglyceride (p = .032), and coronary artery disease and IDL apo B times IDL triglyceride (p = .006) when the top quintile of the population was compared with the bottom quintile for each of these variables. Stepwise logistic regression analysis resulted in rejection of an association between coronary artery disease and HDL cholesterol, plasma triglyceride, VLDL triglyceride, or LDL triglyceride. However, it did show that coronary artery disease was most strongly associated with smoking and that the second strongest association was with IDL.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association