High-frequency analysis of the surface electrocardiograms of patients with supraventricular tachycardia: accurate identification of atrial activation and determination of the mechanism of tachycardia.
Signal processing of the electrocardiogram (ECG) was performed during supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in 24 patients in an attempt to locate the P wave and to characterize its morphology in three orthogonal planes. In patients with atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia, a discrete atrial signal could be identified within the ST segment and/or T wave with inferior-to-superior orientation. Atrial activation was identified in patients with primary atrial tachycardia as long as there was a constant relationship between each QRS complex and the preceding atrial signal. Patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia were deduced to have simultaneous atrial and ventricular activation when no atrial signal could be seen elsewhere in the cycle. Mean maximum P wave amplitude was 25.4 +/- 6.3 microV during SVT, with a mean noise level below 1.0 microV. Signal processing of the ECG during SVT enhances the detection of the P wave and the appreciation of P wave morphology, both of which are important factors in the noninvasive determination of the electrophysiologic mechanisms of SVT.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association