Synergism of thrombolytic agents in vivo.
The existence of significant synergism between tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scu-PA), and between t-PA and urokinase in thrombolysis in vivo is described. In a quantitative preparation of thrombolysis, consisting of rabbits in which a blood clot was induced in the jugular vein with 125I-labeled fibrin, intravenous infusion over 4 hr of t-PA, scu-PA, or urokinase in amounts of 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/kg body weight resulted in significant thrombolysis (30% to 60%). The simultaneous infusion of t-PA and scu-PA or of t-PA and urokinase had a significantly greater (p less than .001) thrombolytic effect than could be anticipated on the basis of the added effects of each agents alone. However, no synergism was observed between scu-PA and urokinase. The observed alpha 2-antiplasmin consumption and fibrinogen breakdown after urokinase at higher doses did not occur with the equivalent thrombolytic combinations of t-PA and urokinase. The combined use of synergic thrombolytic agents in patients may permit a significant reduction in total administered doses, probably with elimination of the systemic activation of the fibrinolytic system and the concomitant fibrinogen breakdown that is unavoidable with the currently used thrombolytic doses of each agent.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association