Measurement of regional wall motion from biplane contrast ventriculograms: a comparison of the 30 degree right anterior oblique and 60 degree left anterior oblique projections in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
The value of performing biplane vs single plane analysis of regional wall motion from contrast ventriculograms was determined in 102 patients who received thrombolytic therapy and who underwent biplane ventriculography during acute myocardial infarction (n = 67), at follow-up more than 2 weeks later (n = 80), or both (n = 45). Hypokinesis in the infarct region and hyperkinesis in the noninfarct region were measured by the centerline method in the respective artery territories, which were defined from the data of 62 patients with single-vessel disease and were expressed in units of standard deviations from the mean of 32 normal subjects. Hypokinesis was more severe and extended over a longer segment of the left ventricular contour when measured in the right anterior oblique (RAO) projection in thrombosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) but more severe and extensive in the left anterior oblique (LAO) projection in circumflex stenosis. Hyperkinesis opposite the LAD or the circumflex was greater in the LAO projection. In patients with thrombosis of the right coronary artery, wall motion abnormalities were similar in the two projections. Thus the evaluation of hypokinesis caused by acute coronary thrombosis and of the effect of therapeutic interventions in salvaging function can be adequately evaluated from single-plane 30 degree RAO ventriculograms, except in the small minority of patients with circumflex thrombosis.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association