Changes in systemic vascular resistance detected by the arterial resistometer: preliminary report of a new method tested during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
A recently developed apparatus provides on-line continuous monitoring of systemic vascular resistance (SVR) by means of simple computer analysis of the peripheral arterial waveform. The fundamental equation of this method is Ri = P'/(dP/dt), where dP/dt is the peak dP/dt of the peripheral arterial waveform, P' is the pressure at time of peak dP/dt, and Ri is a resistance index that bears a direct relation to SVR. Eleven patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) were studied to evaluate the changes in SVR associated with myocardial ischemia (angina detection). There were 49 balloon inflations, all of which were associated with an increase in Ri (from 38.4 +/- 12 to 81.2 +/- 36 X 10(-3) sec; p less than .01) and a decrease in dP/dt (from 2076 +/- 257 to 1327 +/- 326 mm Hg/sec; p less than .01). In 42 of the balloon inflations these changes were associated with electrocardiographic ST-T changes and in 23 it was also associated with anginal pain. When angina was present, a further increase in Ri (to 97.5 +/- 43 X 10(-3) sec; p less than .01) and a decrease in dP/dt (to 1218 +/- 338 mm Hg/sec; p less than .01) was observed. It was found that myocardial ischemia is associated with an increase in the resistance index and a decrease in dP/dt and can be detected by the resistometer.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association