Altered left ventricular diastolic properties during pacing-induced angina in patients with aortic stenosis.
An increase in left ventricular diastolic pressure has been repeatedly observed during angina in patients with coronary artery stenoses and regional demand ischemia, but the role of relaxation abnormalities versus left ventricular segmental dyssynchrony is controversial. In contrast, patients with angina due to aortic stenosis are likely to have diffuse rather than segmental ischemia and thus may provide an alternative model for examining the diastolic physiology of angina in man. Accordingly, we examined the hemodynamic manifestations of angina in eight patients with aortic stenosis without significant coronary artery disease. Angina was induced by pacing tachycardia, and hemodynamic and echocardiographic variables were measured in the control period and during angina in the beats immediately after cessation of pacing. Heart rate (control vs angina, 69 +/- 12 vs 70 +/- 11 beats/min, p = NS) and left ventricular peak systolic pressure (207 +/- 39 vs 222 +/- 22 mm Hg, p = NS) were similar in the control and postpacing angina periods. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, on the other hand, was significantly higher during postpacing angina (15 +/- 7 vs 28 +/- 8 mm Hg, p less than .01). The time constant of left ventricular pressure decline during isovolumetric relaxation (TL), calculated as the slope of a linear fit of the natural log of pressure vs time, increased from 44 +/- 5 to 51 +/- 7 msec (p less than .05); the time constant TD, derived from the slope of a linear fit of dP/dt vs pressure, also increased slightly, although the change was not statistically significant (69 +/- 5 vs 75 +/- 5 msec, p = .06).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association