Histologic changes and arrhythmogenicity after discharge through transseptal catheter electrode.
Ventricular tachycardia commonly arises within the intraventricular septum and successful catheter ablation of septal tachycardia might be enhanced by transseptal electrode placement. We have evaluated the safety of a transseptal ablation procedure. Arrhythmogenicity and histology were examined after high-energy capacitor discharges were delivered to an intracavitary cathode-anode pair placed on opposite sides of the interventricular septum in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. After two discharges of 200 or 100 J proved lethal, paired discharges of 30 or 50 J (10 dogs) or a single discharge of 100 J (four dogs) was used to induce 28 lesions. Acute rhythm changes and risk of induction of ventricular tachycardia by programmed stimulation were measures of arrhythmogenicity. Gross and histologic examination of the hearts after 20 min to 28 days allowed characterization of the evolution of lesions. The conduction system in nearby and remote locations was extensively examined in four dogs. Refractory ventricular fibrillation developed with paired shocks at 200 or 100 J. At lower energy levels, acute ventricular fibrillation occurred with 12 of 20 shocks (60%), but defibrillation was consistently achieved. After ablation, no dog had ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation induced with programmed stimulation. Matching anodal and cathodal lesions spanned the septum without perforation in 10 of 16 dogs, and the lesions were of similar histology. Each contained central areas of hemorrhage surrounded by a region of coagulation necrosis merging with normal myocytes peripherally. There was necrosis and edema without inflammation at 20 min, acute inflammatory cell infiltration at 1 to 2 days, and myocyte replacement by granulation tissue after 6 days.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association