Prediction of long-term clinical outcome with final translesional pressure gradient during coronary angioplasty.
The final translesional pressure gradient measured during coronary angioplasty correlates with immediate angiographic and clinical results. Whether the pressure gradient is of value in predicting late clinical outcome has not been determined. We therefore obtained complete follow-up information on 159 patients with single-vessel disease who underwent successful coronary angioplasty. Mean follow-up time was 15 +/- 10 months. The occurrence of repeat angioplasty, coronary bypass surgery, recurrent anginal chest pain, or a positive postangioplasty stress test were considered clinical events indicative of late failure. Of the variables age, gender, initial and final translesional pressure gradient, extent of initial and final arterial narrowing, site of dilatation, type of balloon catheter used, number of inflations, and maximal inflation pressure, only the final translesional pressure gradient was predictive of late failure when analyzed by multivariate techniques. Thus, the final translesional pressure gradient is of value in predicting both immediate and late outcome after coronary angioplasty.
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