Value of the intracoronary electrocardiogram to monitor myocardial ischemia during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
To enhance detection of ischemia during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), unipolar intracoronary electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded during PTCA in 25 patients from the tips of guidewires positioned distal to stenoses being dilated. Surface electrocardiographic leads chosen to reflect likely areas of reversible ischemia during PTCA were recorded simultaneously. In 21 of 29 stenoses dilated (72%), ST segment elevation and/or T wave peaking in intracoronary ECG appeared during balloon inflation and disappeared after deflation, accompanied by transient angina on 19 occasions. Two patients had transient ST segment elevation in intracoronary ECGs during PTCA without associated angina. ST changes in the surface ECG during PTCA were seen on only nine occasions (31%), always accompanied by ST segment elevation in the intracoronary ECG that appeared earlier and was of much greater magnitude. Five patients with prior myocardial infarction and aneurysm formation had fixed ST segment elevation in the intracoronary ECG unrelated to balloon inflation. Myocardial ischemia during PTCA can be detected easily with intracoronary ECGs and with greater sensitivity than that of the surface ECG. Furthermore, intracoronary ECGs may help to clarify the nature of chest pain during balloon inflation or during suspected complications.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association