Quantitation of mitral regurgitation by Doppler echocardiography.
The evaluation and care of patients with mitral regurgitation would be facilitated by an easy, reproducible and noninvasive method that could quantitate the hemodynamic burden. In this study, we describe a new Doppler echocardiographic method that measures the regurgitant fraction and we compare it with angiographic and scintigraphic methods. A total of 27 patients with mitral regurgitation were evaluated by echocardiography and either cardiac catheterization or scintigraphy. With two-dimensional echocardiography, diastolic and systolic volumes were measured to derive the left ventricular stroke volume (LVSV). The forward stroke volume (FSV) was obtained from the product of M mode-derived aortic valve area and ascending aortic flow velocity integral assessed by continuous-wave Doppler. Regurgitant fraction was calculated as follows: (LVSV - FSV)/LVSV. Comparisons showed that regurgitant fraction calculated by Doppler echocardiography correlated with regurgitant fraction determined by both cardiac catheterization (r = .82) and by scintigraphy (r = .89). There was, however, an important interobserver variability within each method: 10%, 13%, and 11% for Doppler echocardiography, angiography, and scintigraphy, respectively. In conclusion, Doppler echocardiography can be used to quantitate mitral regurgitation. Serial noninvasive determinations of regurgitant fraction may be useful in the evaluation of therapy and in the follow-up of patients with mitral insufficiency.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association