Assessment of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship in human beings with the use of a time-varying elastance model.
The analysis of left ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relationships in human beings has been hindered by the lack of a practical method of serial volume assessment and by an imprecise definition of end-systole. Modifications of the end-systolic relationship that have been used to circumvent these problems have included the use of single-point end-systolic pressure-volume ratios, the use of peak systolic pressure/minimum ventricular volume points for end-systolic points, and the use of end-ejection as a marker for end-systole. To assess the correlation between the parameters generated by these modifications with the slope (Emax) and volume intercept (VO) of the end-systolic line as defined by Sagawa's model of time-varying elastance, simultaneous measurement of left ventricular pressure and gated radionuclide volume was made in 26 patients under various loading conditions and pressure-volume diagrams were constructed for each loading condition from 32 simultaneous pressure-volume coordinates. Two pressure-volume diagrams were recorded in 14 patients and three pressure-volume diagrams were recorded in 12 patients. Emax and VO were determined in all patients from the slope and volume intercept of the isochronic pressure-volume line with the maximum time-varying elastance as described by Sagawa's model and were designated true Emax and true VO, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association