The role of initial minimum potentials on body surface maps in predicting the site of accessory pathways in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
Forty-one patients (23 men and 18 women, ages 20 to 66 years) with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome were studied with isopotential body surface maps during sinus rhythm to find the most reliable index for predicting the sites of single accessory pathways. The sites predicted by surface maps were compared with those confirmed by multicatheter electrophysiologic study or in the course of surgical operation. Location of the initial minimum by a time criterion, 40 msec after onset of the QRS complex, was not reliable enough for prediction in patients with the small delta wave on their electrocardiograms, because ventricular activation via the normal conduction pathway significantly influenced the location of the minimum. Location of the minimum by an amplitude criterion, -0.15 mV or slightly deeper, was influenced minimally by fusion of ventricular activation, the patient's body size, or age and corresponded well to the site of the accessory pathway in 36 of 41 patients. Those minima appeared on circumscribed areas of the map in accordance with the anatomic subdivisions of the atrioventricular ring. Thus location of the minimum by the amplitude criterion was an excellent index for predicting the site of the accessory pathway, regardless of the degree of ventricular fusion. These amplitude-based map features suggest that nonstandard electrocardiograms recorded from selected positions on the body surface can be used as accurate predictors of the sites of accessory pathways.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association