Increased uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose in postischemic myocardium of patients with exercise-induced angina.
Regional myocardial perfusion and exogenous glucose uptake were assessed with rubidium-82 (82Rb) and 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) in 10 normal volunteers and 12 patients with coronary artery disease and stable angina pectoris by means of positron emission tomography. In patients at rest, the myocardial uptake of 82Rb and FDG did not differ significantly from that measured in normal subjects. The exercise test performed within the positron camera in eight patients produced typical chest pain and ischemic electrocardiographic changes in all. In each of the eight patients a region of reduced cation uptake was demonstrated in the 82Rb scan recorded at peak exercise, after which uptake of 82Rb returned to the control value 5 to 14 min after the end of the exercise. In these patients, FDG was injected in the recovery phase when all the variables that were altered during exercise, including regional myocardial 82Rb uptake, had returned to control values. In all but one patient, FDG accumulation in the regions of reduced 82Rb uptake during exercise was significantly higher than that in the nonischemic regions, i.e., the ones with a normal increment of 82Rb uptake on exercise. In the nonischemic areas, FDG uptake was not significantly different from that found in normal subjects after exercise. In conclusion, myocardial glucose transport and phosphorylation seem to be enhanced in the postischemic myocardium of patients with exercise-induced ischemia.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association