Features of the exercise test that reflect the activity of ischemic heart disease out of hospital.
To better understand the relationship between the transient myocardial ischemia seen during an exercise test and ischemic activity out of hospital, 39 patients with well-documented coronary artery disease underwent standard treadmill exercise testing (Bruce protocol) and 24 to 48 hr of continuous ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring during normal daily activities. A total of 245 episodes of transient ischemia were recorded in 21 of 32 patients with positive exercise electrocardiograms (group I), whereas seven patients with negative test results (group II) had no episodes of transient ischemia, during monitoring out of hospital (p less than .01). Certain measures in the exercise test were related to the severity of ischemia out of hospital: there were more episodes and a greater total duration of transient ischemia per 24 hr of ambulatory monitoring in patients who developed ischemic electrocardiographic changes before 6 min of exercise (p less than or equal to .021) or at a heart rate of less than 150 beats/min (p = .005) and in those in whom these ST segment changes persisted for more than 5 min after exercise (p less than or equal to .016). In contrast, there was no relationship between transient ischemia out of hospital and the commonly quoted exercise variables: chest pain, total exercise duration, and the maximum levels of heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and double product. Thus, patients with coronary artery disease and negative exercise electrocardiograms are most unlikely to experience active ischemia during normal daily life.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association