The prevalence and clinical significance of residual myocardial ischemia 2 weeks after uncomplicated non-Q wave infarction: a prospective natural history study.
Despite having smaller infarct size and better left ventricular function, patients with non-Q wave myocardial infarction (NQMI) appear to have an unexpectedly high long-term mortality that is ultimately comparable to that of patients with Q-wave myocardial infarction (QMI). Patients with NQMI may lose their initial prognostic advantage because there is more viable tissue in the perfusion zone of the infarct-related vessel, rendering myocardium more prone to reinfarction. We tested this hypothesis in a prospective study of 241 consecutive patients 65 years of age or younger with acute uncomplicated myocardial infarction confirmed by creatine kinase levels (MB fraction). All patients received customary care and none underwent thrombolytic therapy or emergency angioplasty. Predischarge coronary angiography, radionuclide ventriculography, 24 hr Holter monitoring, and quantitative thallium-201 (201T1) scintigraphy during treadmill exercise were performed 10 +/- 3 days after infarction. Infarcts were designated as QMI (n = 154) or NQMI (n = 87) by accepted criteria applied to serial electrocardiograms obtained on days 1, 2, 3, and 10. The baseline Norris coronary prognostic index, angiographic jeopardy scores, and prevalence of Lown grade ventricular arrhythmias were similar between groups despite evidence for less necrosis with NQMI vs QMI, reflected by lower peak creatine kinase levels (520 vs 1334 IU/liter; p = .0001, 4 hr sampling), higher resting left ventricular ejection fraction (53% vs 46%; p = .0001), fewer akinetic or dyskinetic segments (1.2 vs 2.4; p = .0001), and fewer persistent 201Tl defects in the infarct zone (0.9 vs 1.9; p = .0001). Patients with NQMI also had more patent infarct-related vessels (54% vs 25%; p less than .0001) and a shorter time from onset of infarction to peak creatine kinase level (16.9 vs 22.5 hr; p = .0001). Importantly, the prevalence and extent of quantitatively determined 201Tl redistribution within the infarct zone on exercise scintigraphy was greater in patients with NQMI vs those with QMI (60% vs 36%, p = .007; and 0.98 vs 0.53 myocardial segments, p = .0003); when the two groups were stratified on the basis of the infarct-related vessel, subset analysis revealed the same findings. During 30 months median follow-up, cardiac mortality was low, 8.4% in the QMI group and 9.2% in the NQMI group (p = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association