Digital angiographic measurement of radiographic contrast material kinetics for estimation of myocardial perfusion.
We studied the use of digital angiography for the quantification of regional myocardial perfusion in the dog using selective left coronary arterial injection of radiographic contrast material as a flow dilution indicator. We developed algorithms for generating time-intensity curves from regions of interest over the proximal coronary artery and the myocardium and for densitometric error correction by subtraction of the intensity curve over a small lead blocker before logarithmic transformation. The resultant myocardial time-density curves were analyzed for time from injection to peak concentration (TPC) and for exponential washout rate (k). A linear correlation was found between absolute coronary arterial blood flow and both k (slope = 0.13, r = .85) and 1/TPC (slope = 0.18, r = .85). Reproducibility of TPC and k for repeated studies was 11% and 16%. Induced hyperemia significantly improved the sensitivity to stenosis by increasing the average difference in TPC and k between regions served by normal and stenotic coronary arteries to 65% and 80%, respectively. By combining selective coronary arterial injection with the left lateral x-ray projection it was possible to avoid most overlap of regional perfusion beds in the dog. This study suggests that contrast dilution measurements made during digital coronary angiography provide a means for assessing the hemodynamic significance of stenoses and the efficacy of therapeutic interventions.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association