A clinicopathologic study of patients with hemorrhagic myocardial infarction treated with selective coronary thrombolysis with urokinase.
Hemorrhagic acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was studied after selective intracoronary thrombolysis (SICT) in 30 patients undergoing autopsy. Urokinase, 240,000 to 1,200,000 U, was selectively injected into the infarct-related coronary artery at 2 to 9 hr (4 +/- 2 hr) after the onset of AMI. The infarct-related coronary artery showed complete occlusion in 21, 99% stenosis in eight, and 90% stenosis in one patient before SICT. After SICT, complete occlusion was seen in only five, 99% stenosis in 22, and 90% stenosis in three patients. Twenty-eight patients had transmural infarction and the other two had subendocardial infarction. Macroscopically and microscopically, the degree of hemorrhage was classified as no, slight, moderate, or marked bleeding and the hemorrhagic infarction was defined as moderate or marked diffuse bleeding in the infarct area. According to the interval from SICT to death, patients were also classified into stage I (early acute stage, 1 to 4 hr after SICT and 4 to 13 hr after the onset of AMI; n = 7), stage II (late acute stage, 9 hr to 11 days after SICT and 15 hr to 11 days after the onset of AMI; n = 18), or stage III (old infarction stage, over 17 days after AMI and SICT; n = 5). There were no significant differences with respect to the frequency of recanalization, the time from the onset of AMI to SICT, the dose of urokinase, or other clinical parameters among patients at the three stages. Only the hearts of patients in stage II showed hemorrhagic infarction, and it was found in 15 of 18 of these hearts.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association