Myocardial protection during transient coronary artery occlusion in man: beneficial effects of regional beta-adrenergic blockade.
The goal of this study was to verify whether myocardial protection could be achieved via the intracoronary administration of propranolol in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Accordingly, 21 patients undergoing PTCA were randomly assigned to receive either intracoronary placebo (group A, n = 10) or intracoronary propranolol (group B, n = 11). Three balloon inflations (i.e., coronary artery occlusions) were performed in each patient. Inflations I and II (maximum duration 60 sec) served as control occlusions. Inflation III (maximum duration 120 sec) was performed either after intracoronary administration of saline (2 ml) or propranolol (1.1 +/- 0.2 mg). The following electrocardiographic index of myocardial ischemic injury were measured: (1) time to development of ST segment elevation equal to 0.1 mV and (2) magnitude of ST segment elevation after 60 sec of coronary artery occlusion. Both indexes did not differ significantly between the groups during inflations I and II. In group A the time to development of ST segment elevation of 0.1 mV remained unchanged between the second and third occlusions (25 +/- 5 and 26 +/- 4 sec during inflations II and III, respectively). In group B subselective injection of propranolol into the affected coronary artery significantly prolonged the time to ST segment elevation of 0.1 mV from 19 +/- 4 sec (inflation II) to 53 +/- 9 sec (inflation III; p less than .001). Administration of placebo did not change the magnitude of ST segment elevation 60 sec after coronary artery occlusion between the second and third occlusion in group A (0.16 +/- 0.02 and 0.18 +/- 0.03 mV, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association