Effect of propranolol on myocardial ischemia occurring during acute coronary occlusion.
In 16 patients undergoing angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery, the clinical, electrocardiographic, and hemodynamic effects of short-term intravenous nonselective beta-adrenergic blockade with propranolol (0.1 mg/kg) were assessed during temporary occlusion of the artery. Myocardial ischemia during coronary occlusion was prevented, delayed in onset, or diminished in magnitude by propranolol in 10 of the 16 patients. Propranolol decreased values for indexes of myocardial oxygen demand, such as heart rate and blood pressure and their product, in all patients. Surprisingly, in patients who derived clinical benefit, propranolol did not change indexes of myocardial oxygen supply to the left ventricular region perfused by the occluded artery. For example, great cardiac vein flow (40 +/- 15 to 41 +/- 17 ml/min, p = NS) and coronary collateral resistance (2.1 +/- 1.0 to 2.1 +/- 1.1 mm Hg/ml/min, p = NS) were unchanged. In contrast, a worsening of supply occurred in patients who were not benefited: great cardiac vein flow (50 +/- 10 to 39 +/- 6 ml/min, p less than .05) decreased and coronary collateral resistance (1.6 +/- 0.5 to 2.0 +/- 0.6 mm Hg/ml/min, p less than .05) increased. Information obtained from this study demonstrates the value of this new experimental preparation in helping assess potential clinical effectiveness of drug interventions during the initial phase of acute coronary occlusion and providing insight into the mechanisms of drug effect.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association