Restenosis after successful coronary angioplasty in patients with single-vessel disease.
To determine risk factors for restenosis, we studied 998 patients who underwent elective coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to native coronary arteries between July 1980 and July 1984. Restenosis, defined as a luminal narrowing of greater than 50% at follow-up, was present in 302 patients (30.2%). Univariate analysis of 29 factors revealed seven factors related to restenosis: vessel dilated (circumflex coronary artery 18%, right coronary artery 27%, left anterior descending artery 34%; p less than .01), final gradient of 15 mm Hg or less compared with greater than 15 mm Hg (27% vs 38%, p less than .01), duration of angina greater than 2 months compared with angina of shorter duration (27% vs 35%, p = .01), post-PTCA stenosis of 30% or less compared with 31% to 50% (28% vs 36%, p less than .025), stable vs unstable angina (26% vs 34%, p less than .05), presence vs absence of intimal dissection (26% vs 32%, p = .07), and female gender vs male gender (25% vs 32%, p = .08). Multivariate analysis revealed five factors independently related to increased risk of restenosis in the following order of importance: PTCA in the left anterior descending artery, absence of intimal dissection immediately after PTCA, final gradient greater than 15 mm Hg, a large residual stenosis after PTCA, and unstable angina. Restenosis after PTCA is a multifactorial problem. The hemodynamic and angiographic result at the time of PTCA significantly influences long-term outcome, but additional measures aimed at reducing the rate of recurrence of atherosclerotic plaque are required.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association