Endocardial catheter mapping in patients in sinus rhythm: relationship to underlying heart disease and ventricular arrhythmias.
Catheter mapping during sinus rhythm was performed in 132 patients with coronary artery disease and 26 patients with congestive noncoronary cardiomyopathy. Each of the patients had a clinical history of one of the following: no ventricular arrhythmia, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, cardiac arrest, or sustained ventricular tachycardia. The characteristics of the endocardial electrogram and other measured indexes of slow endocardial conduction were compared between patients with different types of disease and in different arrhythmia groups to determine if differences existed. The cardiomyopathic group had a higher percent of normal endocardial electrograms than the coronary artery disease group, with no evidence of slow endocardial conduction. The sustained ventricular tachycardia group exhibited a greater percent of abnormal endocardial electrograms and more evidence of slow endocardial conduction, distinguishing this group from the three other arrhythmia groups. We conclude the following: The underlying electrophysiologic substrate varies in patients with different ventricular arrhythmias. It is therefore inappropriate to analyze all patients with ventricular arrhythmias as a single group. Patients with congestive noncoronary cardiomyopathy, regardless of the type of their arrhythmia, have a relatively normal endocardium. Those patients with serious ventricular arrhythmias should not be considered candidates for surgery directed at removing abnormal endocardium.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association