Changes in cross-sectional area of the coronary lumen in the six months after angioplasty: a quantitative analysis of the variable response to percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.
Although immediate and late changes in coronary stenoses after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) have been reported, most investigators have employed qualitative or semiquantitative techniques to analyze the angiograms. Such data is not optimal because of considerable interobserver variability and the use of relative instead of absolute changes in lesion geometry. Analysis is further compounded by the indistinct edges that characterize coronary lesions immediately after angioplasty. To quantify the changes in minimal cross-sectional area (MCSA) of the coronary lumen that occur during and after PTCA, we analyzed the angiograms of 23 patients before PTCA, immediately after PTCA, and at 7.2 +/- 3.0 (mean +/- SD) months follow-up using two computer-assisted methods of angiographic analysis--quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and videodensitometry (VID). QCA provides an absolute measure of the area of the lumen; VID is a nongeometric method that is not dependent on exact border recognition. Based on these quantitative methods, we found that successful angioplasty is associated with about a three-fold increase in the MCSA of the lesion (from 1.0 to 3.2 mm2). This area is, however, well below normal and is less than half of the average MCSA of the inflated dilating balloon. Analysis of follow-up angiograms demonstrated that eight of 23 patients had a substantial late increase in the MCSA of the lesion (from 2.7 to 4.1 mm2) after the angioplasty procedure. Clinical, hemodynamic, and angiographic characteristics immediately after PTCA were not predictive of MCSA of the lumen at follow-up.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association