Thromboxane A2 and prostaglandin endoperoxide receptors in platelets and vascular smooth muscle.
9,11-Dimethylmethano-11,12-methano-16-(3-iodo-4-hydroxyphenyl)-13, 14-dihydro-13-aza-15 alpha beta-omega-tetranor-TXA2 (I-PTA-OH), a recently synthesized thromboxane (TX) A2/prostaglandin (PG) H2 receptor antagonist, was shown to be a competitive antagonist of human platelet aggregation induced by the stable endoperoxide analog U46619. This antagonism was due to competitive blockade of the platelet TXA2/PGH2 receptor since I-PTA-OH did not antagonize the first phase of ADP-induced aggregation which is TXA2/PGH2 independent, nor did it inhibit TXA2 synthesis. In addition, analysis of dose-response curves to U46619 (0.1 to 40 microM) in the presence of increasing concentrations of I-PTA-OH (0.5 to 10 microM) showed that I-PTA-OH produced a parallel rightward shift of the dose-response curve. Further analysis of the data in the form of a Schild plot yielded a straight line with a slope (m = 1.03) not significantly different from -1. These results are consistent with the notion that I-PTA-OH acts as a competitive antagonist of the TXA2/PGH2 receptor.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association