Transcutaneous oxygen recovery and toe pulse reappearance time in the assessment of peripheral vascular disease.
The accuracy of measurements of transcutaneous oxygen tension (Ptco2) in the diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) may be significantly increased by stressing limb circulation with the use of temporary ischemia. The purpose of this study was to compare the transcutaneous oxygen recovery half-time (TORT) and the toe pulse reappearance time (PRT/2) in a series of patients with symptomatic PVD before and after vascular reconstruction. The TORT was defined as the time required to recover half of the decrease in the limb/chest Ptco2 ratio caused by temporary limb ischemia, and is conceptually comparable to the toe PRT/2, the time required to recover half of the control toe pulse amplitude. Measurement of TORT was found to be more feasible (100% vs 58%) and to have a greater diagnostic yield (100% vs 92%) than that of the toe PRT/2. When measured on the dorsum of the foot, TORT values were found to correlate well with the severity of symptoms of PVD; toe PRT/2 values did not correlate with severity of symptoms. Patients who underwent successful vascular reconstruction had significant improvement in their calf and foot TORT values after surgery (p less than .005 and .0005, respectively); postoperative values were similar to those obtained in normal subjects. Toe PRT/2 values usually improved postoperatively, but in many patients postoperative values overlapped with values that were considered abnormal. There was no overlap of TORT values in normal subjects with those in patients with symptomatic PVD. The measurement of TORT may be clinically useful for screening patients with suspected PVD and for assessing quantitatively the results of conservative and surgical therapy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association