Detection of local abnormalities in ventricular activation sequence by body surface isochrone mapping in patients with previous myocardial infarction.
Body surface isochrone mapping was performed in 36 normal subjects and in 85 patients with previous myocardial infarction. Eighty-seven unipolar electrocardiograms distributed over the anterior chest and the back were recorded simultaneously. For each lead, activation time was measured as the time from the onset of QRS to the peak of the R wave. The lead points where R waves were not observed were designated the "no R wave area" (NR area). Isochrone maps of normal subjects had a consistent pattern, with isochrone lines extending from the right upper anterior chest to the left anterior chest and then to the back. NR area was small and was located only on the right upper chest or the upper back. On the isochrone maps of patients with myocardial infarction, abnormal findings were observed; NR area was found in 26 of 28 patients with anterior infarction on the upper to middle anterior chest, in 13 of 22 patients with inferior infarction on the lower chest, and in 24 of 25 patients with anterior and inferior infarction on the upper to lower anterior chest. Activation time was delayed near the NR area (peri-NR area delay) in 37 patients. In patients with apical infarction, an islandlike zone of delayed activation was typically found on the left precordium. These abnormal patterns are considered to indicate local abnormalities in the activation of infarcted myocardium; the NR area indicates dead unexcitable scar, and the peri-NR area delay and islandlike zone of delayed activation indicate partially infarcted myocardium of slow activation. Patients with NR area had greater degree of left ventricular asynergy and lower ejection fraction than those without.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association