Patterns of myoglobin release after reperfusion of injured myocardium.
Myoglobin is an intracardiac protein that is released into the blood after myocardial injury and is then cleared rapidly by the kidneys. This study was undertaken to determine whether successful reperfusion of damaged myocardium could be assessed by examination of blood myoglobin concentration-time patterns. After release of a 2 hr occlusion of the mid left anterior descending coronary artery in 11 dogs that had been instrumented over the long term, immunoreactive arterial plasma concentration of myoglobin, [Mb], rose rapidly to a peak within 25 +/- 2(SEM) min (range 20 to 40). Individual peaks were three to 165 times the myoglobin levels immediately before release of the occlusion. Myoglobin was cleared rapidly from plasma, falling to one-half its peak level 38 +/- 3 min after the peak. Similarly well-defined peaks in [Mb] were evident in plasma from the great cardiac vein (GCV), with a mean time to peak of 16 +/- 2 min and a magnitude of two to 177 times prerelease values. In contrast, arterial and GCV creatine kinase activity-time curves showed less defined peaks and they occurred later and with more variability (60 to 330 min after reperfusion). In nine patients with acute infarction, successful coronary artery reopening was also accompanied by a sharp four- to sixteenfold rise in plasma [Mb] within 1 to 2 hr. Elevations in plasma creatine kinase were slower and more prolonged, peaking at 2 to 18 hr.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association