Effects of unilateral stellate ganglion stimulation and ablation on electrophysiologic changes induced by acute myocardial ischemia in dogs.
We recorded direct-current extracellular electrograms simultaneously from 60 left ventricular epicardial sites in 38 alpha-chloralose-anesthetized dogs during repeated, 5 min coronary arterial occlusions. In each dog recordings made during control occlusions were compared with those made in occlusions after, or during, the following interventions on the sympathetic nervous system: left stellate ganglion stimulation, left stellectomy, right stellectomy, and clamping the abdominal aorta with intact sympathetic nerves to induce a rise of blood pressure equal to that present during left stellate stimulation. Heart rate was kept constant. Measurements included determination of TQ segment potentials and times of local activation. After 2 min of ischemia, the degree of TQ segment depression was increased by left stellate ganglion stimulation and was decreased by both left stellectomy and clamping the aorta. Also, the area showing negative TQ potentials, indicating decreased resting membrane potentials, was enlarged by both left stellate stimulation and right stellectomy and reduced by left stellectomy. No differences were found in the results of experiments in which the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded and those in which the circumflex branch was occluded. Left stellate stimulation significantly improved conduction within the ischemic zone. No evidence was found to suggest that the arrhythmogenic effects of left stellate stimulation and of right stellectomy, confirmed in the present study, resulted from an increased likelihood for reentry in the subepicardium of the ischemic zone.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association