Change in ventricular cavity size: differential effects on QRS and T wave amplitude.
Although many factors have been reported to change the R wave amplitude of the electrocardiogram (ECG), few observations have been made of the associated changes in T wave amplitude. We hypothesized that changes in R and T wave amplitude should parallel each other. To test this hypothesis, R and T wave amplitudes were measured in 15 normal subjects during increased and decreased left ventricular dimensions induced by infusion of methoxamine and by Valsalva maneuver, respectively, as well as during changes in the proximity of the left ventricle to the chest wall (i.e., shift in patient position from supine to left lateral position). Simultaneous nine-lead ECGs and two-dimensional-guided M mode echocardiograms of the left ventricle were recorded at rest and under each experimental condition. R wave amplitude increased as the left ventricular lateral wall moved closer to the V5 and V6 electrodes. Alterations in R wave amplitude seen with changes in left ventricular chamber size were primarily caused by radial movement of the left ventricle in relation to the chest wall. Proximity of the left ventricle to the chest wall was therefore a major determinant of R wave amplitude. In contrast, T wave amplitude varied directly with alterations in left ventricular chamber size but was unaffected by changes in proximity to the recording electrode on the chest wall. Left ventricular chamber size, and possibly the associated alteration in endocardial-to-epicardial surface area ratio, appeared to be the major determinants of T wave amplitude.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association