Coronary anatomy and left ventricular function in the first 12 hours of acute myocardial infarction: the Western Washington Randomized Intracoronary Streptokinase Trial.
The relationships among clinical variables, coronary anatomy, and left ventricular function during the early hours of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were evaluated from data acquired in the Western Washington Intracoronary Streptokinase Trial. All patients had symptoms and electrocardiographic changes typical of AMI. All data were obtained before treatment with streptokinase. Mean time to catheterization was 4.1 hr after onset of symptoms. Coronary angiograms (n = 245) were analyzed for location of infarct-related occlusion and collateral flow to the infarct bed. Left ventricular ejection fraction and regional left ventricular function were quantitated in 227. Sixty-two percent of occlusions were in the most proximal segment of the involved coronary artery. Collateral circulation was seen in 42% overall, in 31% with left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion, and in 52% with right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion (p less than .005). Left ventricular ejection fraction was lowest and regional function was most abnormal in the group with proximal LAD occlusion. Hyperkinesis was present in 32%; in those with hyperkinesis, hyperkinetic segment length was longest in those with RCA or circumflex occlusion. Multivariate analysis identified proximal LAD occlusion as the factor most closely associated with left ventricular ejection fraction and with measures of left ventricular regional hypofunction. We conclude that (1) AMI is usually caused by occlusion or subtotal occlusion in the most proximal portion of the involved coronary artery, (2) collateral circulation is more frequent with RCA than with LAD occlusion, and (3) location of the infarct-related occlusion is the most important determinant of global and regional left ventricular function in the early hours of AMI.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association