Collateral conductance changes during a brief coronary occlusion in awake dogs.
Function of the coronary collateral circulation during the course of a single abrupt coronary occlusion was evaluated in awake dogs instrumented over the long term. Studies were performed approximately 2 weeks after collateral development had been stimulated in the dogs by partial stenosis of the proximal left circumflex coronary artery. The pressure drop from the central aorta to the distal circumflex coronary artery was measured continuously. Under control conditions and at 30 sec and 4 min of a single abrupt complete circumflex occlusion, myocardial blood flow was determined by a radioactive microsphere technique. Coronary collateral conductance was calculated as mean collateral blood flow divided by the mean drop in pressure. The following was noted in dogs that developed collateral vessels: during the coronary occlusion, mean distal circumflex coronary pressure increased from 42 +/- 9 to 49 +/- 10 mm Hg (p less than or equal to .01); mean collateral flow increased from 0.78 +/- 0.30 to 0.84 +/- 0.33 ml/min/g (p less than or equal to .05); the endocardial/epicardial flow ratio increased from 0.77 +/- 0.36 to 1.04 +/- 0.25 (p less than or equal to .01); and the coronary collateral conductance increased significantly from 0.017 +/- 0.017 to 0.021 +/- 0.021 (ml/min/g)/mm Hg (p less than or equal to .005). These data suggest that during a brief occlusion of a major coronary artery, immature coronary collateral channels do not reach maximal function immediately after the occlusion. Rather, coronary collateral conductance increases with time and may be associated with improved transmural perfusion of the myocardium.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association