Dissociation between epicardial and transmural function during acute myocardial ischemia.
The relationship between epicardial and transmural function (measured with sonomicrometers) was examined in 13 anesthetized open-chest dogs. Systolic wall thickening was used as a standard of integrated transmural function to compare with epicardial function measured as segment shortening parallel to surface fibers. Three levels of coronary inflow restriction were produced by using decrements in systolic wall thickening as an index of changes in the transmural distribution of myocardial blood flow (microspheres) in myocardium perfused by the left anterior descending artery (anterior-apical group, n = 7) or circumflex artery (posterior-basal group, n = 6). Levels 1 and 2 were characterized by reductions in systolic wall thickening of 35% and 80%, respectively, and marked decreases in deep myocardial blood flow. In the subepicardium, myocardial blood flow was minimally affected at levels 1 and 2 and there was no change in posterior-basal epicardial segment shortening, but anterior segment shortening decreased significantly (by 21% and 37%, respectively). At level 3 myocardial blood flow was reduced transmurally, producing systolic wall thinning and marked epicardial dysfunction in both groups. Parallel epicardial segment shortening underestimated the extent of transmural dysfunction in both groups at levels 1 and 2 but the degree of underestimation was greatest in the posterior-basal group. Anterior-apical segment shortening was impaired at levels 1 and 2, whereas posterior-basal segment shortening was unaffected, suggesting that significant regional variability exists in the epicardial response to nontransmural ischemia.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association