Mitral valve replacement combined with myocardial revascularization: early and late results for 300 patients, 1970 to 1983.
Of 300 consecutive patients undergoing primary operation for mitral valve replacement combined with coronary bypass grafting, 22 (7.3%) died in-hospital. Multivariate testing of preoperative and operative descriptors identified radiographic cardiac enlargement, preoperative paced rhythm or atrial fibrillation, 70% or more left main coronary obstruction, and serum bilirubin of more than 2 mg% as factors associated with an increase in in-hospital mortality. Follow-up of the 278 hospital survivors (mean interval 48 months, range 2 to 165 months) documented survival of 85%, 66%, and 31% and an event-free survival of 65%, 46%, and 21% at 2, 5, and 10 postoperative years, respectively. Cox proportional-hazard regression models of late risk implicated in-hospital ventricular arrhythmias, left ventricular dysfunction, and rheumatic or ischemic causes of mitral valve disease in decreasing long-term survival. In addition, patients with bioprostheses without warfarin anticoagulation had better survival and event-free survival than those with bioprostheses taking warfarin and those with mechanical prostheses with or without warfarin.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association