Hydraulic estimation of stenotic orifice area: a correction of the Gorlin formula.
To determine the source of errors in the Gorlin formula for estimating stenotic valvular orifice area, we used a pulsatile flow model that emulated left ventricular and aortic pressures and flow and allowed control of ventricular outflow orifice area. After comparing orifice areas calculated by the Gorlin formula with actual orifice areas, the Gorlin formula constant (k) was found to be highly correlated with the square root of the mean transvalvular gradient (r = .95). A new formula was derived empirically and predicted areas more accurately and with smaller standard errors than the Gorlin formula in the model (r = .98, SEE = 0.11 and r = .87, SEE = 0.28, respectively) in a series of 19 patients with Hancock porcine xenograft valves (r = .89, SEE = 0.07 and r = .60, SEE = 0.12, respectively) and in the original series of patients reported by Gorlin and Gorlin in proposing the Gorlin formula (r = .93, SEE = 0.11 and r = .91, SEE = 0.12, respectively).
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association