Follow-up clinical results in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
Complete follow-up data were obtained from 229 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) between 1979 and 1982 (mean follow-up 14 months, range 6 to 37). Single-vessel disease was present in 143 and multivessel disease in 86. PTCA was successful in 153 patients (67%). Failure was followed initially by bypass surgery in 59 and by continued medical therapy in 17. After successful PTCA, 90% of patients were improved subjectively and 74% were asymptomatic at follow-up. After unsuccessful PTCA but prompt bypass, 90% were improved subjectively and 85% were asymptomatic. Among the 229 patients, 39 (17%) required an additional intervention because of angina during follow-up; 15 of these had repeat PTCA and 18 had bypass surgery. Among patients with successful PTCA, revascularization was complete in 77% and partial in 23%. The completeness of revascularization with PTCA had a significant impact on follow-up. The follow-up data of patients with successful single-vessel PTCA and of those with multivessel disease with complete revascularization were similar. When the patients with complete revascularization were compared with those with multivessel disease but incomplete revascularization, the follow-up data were characterized by a higher incidence of angina or need for bypass surgery in the latter group (63%) than in the former group (29%); those with incomplete revascularization also had a significantly reduced event-free survival.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association