Noninvasive pulsed Doppler echocardiographic detection of the direction of shunt flow in patients with atrial septal defect: usefulness of the right parasternal approach.
Noninvasive pulsed Doppler echocardiography combined with two-dimensional echocardiography by the right parasternal approach was performed to detect the shunt flow through the defect in 31 patients with suspected secundum atrial septal defect (ASD). A defect of the interatrial septum was seen on the two-dimensional echocardiograms of 30 of 31 patients. In all the 30 patients, Doppler signals of shunt flow could be recorded by placing the sample volume in the center of the defect on the two-dimensional echocardiogram. Neither a defect nor Doppler signal indicating shunt flow were demonstrated in any of 15 normal control subjects. Cardiac catheterization indicated significant shunt flow in all the 31 patients with suspected ASD. Doppler signals obtained from the center of the defect showed left-to-right and/or right-to-left shunt flow patterns. The direction of the shunt flow was mainly left to right, with its peak in late systole and atrial systole in 28 of 30 patients; mainly right-to-left flow was present in the remaining two patients, who had Eisenmenger's syndrome. The direction of flow as predicted by the Doppler signal was confirmed by the coincidence of direction of flow as seen on the contrast two-dimensional echocardiogram. In 22 patients for whom the measurement of the pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio by oximetry was believed to be reasonably accurate, the ratio was fairly well correlated with Doppler-determined left-to-right shunt flow velocity (r = .71, SEE = 6.7 cm/sec).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association