Early detection of canine myocardial infarction by magnetic resonance imaging in vivo.
This study was undertaken to assess the ability of proton magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect myocardial ischemia shortly after coronary artery occlusion. Fifteen dogs were studied before and serially for up to 6 hr after anterior descending or circumflex coronary artery ligation in vivo by gated MRI with a 0.15 tesla resistive magnet (resonant frequency of hydrogen 6.25 MHz). Image acquisition was by single-spin echo, with echo times (TE) of 30 msec and TE 60 msec, and modified inversion recovery pulse sequences. Excellent anatomic definition was observed. By 4 hr after coronary artery occlusion the signal in the infarct zone increased to 36 +/- 20% greater than that in the adjacent normal myocardium for the TE 30 msec sequence (p less than .01) and to 116 +/- 100% for the TE 60 msec sequence (p less than .05). The most intense increase in signal was noted with the TE 60 msec pulse sequence and because normal myocardium is not well visualized by this technique, acutely ischemic myocardium was clearly delineated. Inversion recovery imaging did not show areas of ischemia. Changes seen on MR images correlated well with the location of ischemic changes noted on microscopic examination of the excised hearts. MRI thus provides a noninvasive means for detection of ischemia early in the course of myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association