Transcatheter ablation: comparison between laser photoablation and electrode shock ablation in the dog.
To characterize and compare the effects of transcatheter laser and electrical energy on endocardium, 35 laser pulses were delivered to the endocardial surfaces of isolated canine hearts, and 33 endocardial lesions were produced by the transarterial delivery of either transcatheter laser irradiation or electrical shock in closed-chest anesthetized dogs. Laser-induced lesion dimensions in vitro and in vivo increased with increased total dose of energy; however, the lesions produced in vivo were different in morphology and were significantly larger than lesions produced by equivalent doses of energy delivered in vitro (p less than .05). Endocardial lesions produced in vivo by laser at 40 and 80 J (7.9 X 5.4 X 6.6 and 7.9 X 5.1 X 7.5 mm) were comparable in gross morphology and size to those produced by electrical shock at 100 and 200 J (8.5 X 6.6 X 6.6 and 10.0 X 8.5 X 8.2 mm, respectively; p = NS), but transcatheter electrode shock produced significantly more ventricular tachycardia (p less than .003), premature ventricular beats in the 7 min after energy discharge (p less than .05), and wall motion abnormality (p less than .005). Transcatheter laser photoablation can create controlled endocardial lesions with less energy and fewer deleterious effects than transcatheter electrode shock.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association