Arteriographic predictors of spontaneous improvement in left ventricular function after myocardial infarction.
To better characterize the changes in left ventricular ejection fraction after myocardial infarction, we compared radionuclide ventriculograms obtained acutely and 2 weeks after acute myocardial infarction in 40 patients. These patients underwent angiography within a mean of 4 hr and 20 min after the onset of symptoms of infarction and either received no therapy (32 patients who were control subjects in a thrombolysis trial) or did not experience reperfusion (eight patients) despite receiving streptokinase infusions. In all 40 patients, the change in left ventricular ejection fraction over 2 weeks was small (+2.6%). Patients were then grouped according to the presence or absence of residual flow on their angiograms. Residual flow was considered to be present in 21 patients, in 12 by virtue of subtotal occlusion of the artery supplying the area of infarct and in nine because of well-developed coronary collaterals to the distal infarct artery. Mean change in ejection fraction for patients with residual flow was +6.9 +/- 2.3% vs -2.2 +/- 1.7% for patients without residual flow (p less than .01). Fourteen of 21 (67%) patients with residual flow had a spontaneous rise in ejection fraction of greater than 5%, as compared with two of 19 (11%) patients without residual flow (p less than .01). Time to peak level of creatine kinase (CK) was significantly shorter in the residual flow group (15 vs 23 hr, p less than .01), while the peak level of CK was lower (1550 vs 2220 IU) in these patients. This latter difference did not reach statistical significance (p = .10).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association