Association between the exercise ejection fraction response and systolic wall stress in patients with chronic aortic insufficiency.
We studied the exercise ejection fraction response in 56 patients with chronic aortic insufficiency. All had left ventricular dilatation but preserved resting ejection fraction and minimal or no symptoms. The exercise ejection fraction increased by 0.05 units or greater in 18 (32%) patients (group I), remained within 0.05 units of the resting value in 18 (32%) patients (group II), and fell by 0.05 units or greater in 20 (36%) patients (group III). There were no significant differences among the groups in left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, end-systolic dimension, or fractional shortening by echocardiography or in resting left ventricular volumes and ejection fraction by radionuclide angiography. Left ventricular end-systolic wall stress was significantly higher in group III than in either group I or group II (89 +/- 20 vs 70 +/- 18 and 69 +/- 17 X 10(3) dyne/cm2; p less than .005). At peak exercise there were no differences among groups in systolic blood pressure. However, end-systolic volume increased from 65 +/- 28 to 77 +/- 36 ml/m2 in group III and fell from 50 +/- 21 to 28 +/- 18 ml/m2 in group I during exercise. Thus, at peak exercise end-systolic volume was nearly three times greater in group III than in group I. Although stress could not be determined directly during exercise, the directional changes in its determinants suggest that it also would have been higher in group III patients. A highly significant inverse correlation was present between the ejection fraction response and the change in end-systolic volume (r = -.87, p less than .0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association