Endogenous biosynthesis of prostacyclin during cardiac catheterization and angiography in man.
The potent platelet inhibitory and vasodilator properties of prostacyclin suggest that levels of this substance may be of relevance to drug action and pathologic processes in the coronary vascular bed. Attempts to estimate the coronary secretion rate of prostacyclin have relied on measurements of metabolites obtained via cardiac catheter, usually as an adjunct to coronary angiography. To test the hypothesis that such procedures might themselves perturb endogenous biosynthesis of prostacyclin we used mass spectrometry to measure plasma levels of 6-keto-prostaglandin (PG) F1 alpha across the coronary vascular bed, as well as to assess the excretion of a major urinary metabolite, 2,3-dinor-6-keto-PGF1 alpha (PGI-M), in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. PGI-M excretion increased variably from a median 100 to 205 pg/mg creatinine (p less than .01) during catheterization with angiography and remained elevated 2 to 4 hr after initiation of the procedure. However, cardiac catheterization without angiography also stimulated metabolite excretion, perhaps reflecting catheter-induced vascular trauma. The direct effect of radiocontrast media on vascular release of prostacyclin was indicated by increased PGI-M excretion in healthy volunteers administered intravenous radiocontrast and by studies of the canine coronary artery and jugular vein in vitro. Measurement of plasma 6-keto-PGF1 alpha after left heart catheterization showed that levels in aortic (21 +/- 8 pg/ml) and coronary sinus (14 +/- 2 pg/ml) blood were increased compared with peripheral venous levels (less than or equal to 4 + 1 pg/ml) determined before this procedure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association