The natural history of regional dysfunction in a canine preparation of chronic infarction.
We used a canine preparation of experimental infarction to study the natural course of echocardiographically defined regional wall motion abnormalities in the 6 weeks after acute coronary ligation. Eight dogs underwent serial short-axis echocardiographic evaluation and microsphere blood flow determinations at control, and 30 min, 48 hr, 1 week, 3 weeks, and 6 weeks after acute coronary artery ligation. Wall motion analysis and blood flow calculations were applied to 10 degree radial segments of the left ventricle (short axis) and correlated to the size and extent of infarction as defined histologically at 6 weeks. All animals had at least 50% transmural histologic infarction. The ratio of flow in infarcted tissue vs noninfarcted myocardium fell to 0.40 +/- 0.13 for endocardium and 0.56 +/- 0.13 for epicardium at 30 min after ligation, but recovered to 0.83 +/- 0.15 for endocardium and 1.12 +/- 0.11 for epicardium by 6 weeks. The maximum circumferential extent of abnormal regional wall motion was observed at 48 hr after infarction (mean circumferential extent = 51%), but was resolved to a significant extent by 6 weeks (circumferential extent = 21%, p less than .001). Four animals had virtually normal wall motion by 6 weeks after infarction. Segment-by-segment regional dysfunction correlated highly with the regional transmural reduction in blood flow of 20% )r = .89, p = .0001) for the experiment as a whole, but the echocardiogram tended to underestimate the size of the histologic infarct at 6 weeks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association