Prognosis after extension of myocardial infarct: the role of Q wave or non-Q wave infarction.
We examined whether or not subsets of patients with extension of myocardial infarct were at high risk for early and late mortality. Some data suggest increased risk in patients with non-Q wave infarcts and we hypothesized that infarct extension in this group might be associated with a poorer prognosis than that for patients with extension of Q wave infarcts. A total of 1253 patients with acute myocardial infarction who were included in our data base were followed prospectively. The patients were classified according to electrocardiographic results into the following groups: those with non-Q wave (n = 277) infarcts and those with Q-anterior (n = 462) and Q-inferior (n = 497) infarcts. Extension was diagnosed by two of the following criteria: (1) recurrent chest pain 24 hr or more after admission to the hospital, (2) new persistent electrocardiographic changes, and (3) elevation or reappearance of creatine kinase. By these criteria 85 (6%) patients had extension (8% of non-Q wave infarcts, 6% of Q-anterior infarcts, and 6% of Q-inferior infarcts). Hospital mortality in patients with extension was 15% in those with Q wave infarcts vs 43% in those with non-Q wave infarcts (p less than .01). Nine hundred and fifty-two patients were followed for 1 year. In 24% of those who did not survive 1 year there was extension of infarct; only 6% of survivors had extension (p less than .01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association