Evaluation of relationship between myocardial contractile state and left ventricular function in patients with aortic regurgitation.
We studied the relationship between myocardial contractile state and left ventricular functional response to exercise in 14 asymptomatic patients with isolated moderate-to-severe aortic regurgitation and six control subjects. The slope of the systolic blood pressure-left ventricular end-systolic volume (pressure-volume) relationship determined by radionuclide ventriculography during angiotensin infusion was used as an indirect measure of myocardial contractility and was compared with left ventricular ejection fraction at rest and during both isometric handgrip and dynamic bicycle exercise. The slope of the pressure-volume relationship was significantly lower in patients with aortic regurgitation than in the control subjects (1.75 +/- 0.57 vs 2.78 +/- 0.42, p less than 0.01). The slope correlated exponentially with resting ejection fraction and was linearly related to changes in left ventricular ejection fraction during both handgrip and bicycle exercise. In patients with aortic regurgitation, resting ejection fraction may overestimate myocardial function. The slope of the pressure-volume relationship measured during afterload stress and left ventricular ejection fraction response to exercise intervention more reliably reflect the degree of left ventricular dysfunction.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association