Treatment of hypertension and its effect on cardiovascular risk factors: data from the Framingham Heart Study.
Analysis of the Framingham Heart Study experience between 1958 and 1970 showed a progressive increase in the rate of treatment and control of hypertension. With cross-sectional criteria to define diastolic hypertension, the treatment rate rose from 35% in 1958 through 1960 to 69% in 1968 through 1970 (p less than .001), and the treatment rate for sustained hypertension rose from 55% in 1958 through 1960 to 85% in 1968 through 1970 (p less than .001). Treated hypertensive subjects had higher pretreatment values of blood pressure but not of other cardiovascular risk factors than untreated hypertensive subjects. Treatment was more successful in controlling hypertension in later years (p less than .001), but in all years treatment reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure without causing significant changes in mean serum cholesterol or glucose levels. In treated hypertensive subjects, the 8 year predicted risk of coronary heart disease declined by 2.3 events per 100 people compared with that in untreated hypertensive subjects (p less than .0001). The observed incidence of coronary heart disease was consistent with these predictions and suggested that treatment may be especially beneficial in subjects who have systolic blood pressures of 180 mm Hg or higher and who are treated for more than 2 successive years.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association