Automated impedance-based energy adjustment for defibrillation: experimental studies.
In defibrillation, current flow depends on the energy selected and the transthoracic impedance. If transthoracic impedance is high, current flow may be inadequate to defibrillate. We developed a method by which high transthoracic impedance is automatically compensated for by an increase in operator-selected energy when impedance is high. Transthoracic impedance was predicted in advance of the first shock by passing a low-level current between the defibrillator electrodes during the defibrillator charge cycle; a microprocessor monitored current flow and determined impedance. In 28 mongrel dogs we manipulated transthoracic impedance by placing glycerin-soaked gauze pads between the paddle electrodes and the chest. If the predicted impedance exceeded a preset value, the delivered energy was automatically increased by 40% or 100%. Using this impedance-based energy adjustment technique, we found significant improvements in current flow and success rate of shocks when energy was automatically increased to compensate for high transthoracic impedance. The use of transthoracic impedance as a basis for energy adjustment appears a promising technique to minimize the hazards of high electrical energy; it allows low-energy shocks in most patients while avoiding inappropriate low energies in patients with high impedance. Clinical trials are justified.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association