Variation of left ventricular myocardial gray level on two-dimensional echocardiograms as a result of cardiac contraction.
Integrated ultrasonic backscatter from normal myocardium has been shown to vary with the phase of cardiac contraction (decreasing from end-diastole to end-systole) in previous studies of open-chest dogs. If confirmed, this finding would have important implications for clinical application of ultrasonic tissue characterization. Our hypothesis was that a cardiac cycle-dependent variation in regional average gray level would be detected on analysis of digitized two-dimensional echocardiograms. We analyzed echocardiographic images from 16 subjects in whom normal, technically good studies were obtained with a commercial phased-array scanner and a 2.25 MHz transducer. Images from six subjects were digitized from stop-frame photographs and those from 10 subjects were obtained directly in digital format from the scanner. Average gray level was measured in a portion of the left ventricular posterior wall in parasternal long-axis images obtained at end-diastole and end-systole by both photographic and digital-image acquisition. In seven of the subjects from whom digital images were acquired, left ventricular posterior wall gray level and ventricular septal gray level were also evaluated on parasternal short-axis images. In images digitized by the photographic technique, mean posterior wall gray level decreased significantly from end-diastole (175 +/- 5.8 SEM) to end-systole (167 +/- 5.1, p less than .05). Similarly, in images digitized directly, mean posterior wall gray level in the long-axis view decreased from end-diastole (71 +/- 3.4) to end-systole (59 +/- 2.5, p less than .005).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association