Hemodynamic effects of dynamic exercise in children and adolescents with moderate-to-small ventricular septal defects.
We studied the hemodynamic effects of dynamic exercise during cardiac catheterization in 35 children and adolescents with small-to-moderate ventricular septal defects. Eighteen of them exercised at 25% and 50% of their maximum workload and 17 exercised at 60%. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to age and body mass, height, and surface area. The changes evoked by exercise showed the same pattern at the different workloads, although they were more marked at the higher than at the lower percentage of maximum workload. During exercise the pulmonary vascular resistance did not change, in contrast to the systemic vascular resistance, which decreased. The pulmonary and systemic blood flows both increased, while the left-to-right shunt flow did not change, which led to a decrease of the left-to-right shunt fraction. As the heart rate increased and the shunt flow did not change, the shunt volume per beat decreased during exercise. We conclude that in patients with small-to-moderate ventricular septal defects the hemodynamic effects of dynamic exercise are favorable because the normal rise in systemic blood flow occurs without a corresponding increase in left-to-right shunt flow. Consequently, children and adolescents with such defects should not be restricted in their dynamic exercise activities.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association