Improvement in indexes of diastolic performance in patients with congestive heart failure treated with milrinone.
To elucidate the mechanisms by which the new bipyridine inotropic agent milrinone improves cardiac function, we examined multiple indexes of left ventricular diastolic function before and after administration of milrinone to patients with advanced (NYHA class III or IV) congestive heart failure. In 13 patients left ventricular pressure measurements were made with a micromanometer to permit assessment of peak negative dP/dt and the time constant of left ventricular isovolumic relaxation, T, before and after milrinone. In nine patients radionuclide ventriculographic studies were performed during left heart catheterization, allowing calculation of left ventricular peak filling rate, volumes, and the diastolic pressure-volume relationship before and after milrinone. After intravenous administration of milrinone, peak negative dP/dt increased (+ 18%; p less than .01) and T decreased (-30%; p less than .01), while heart rate increased by only 8% (87 +/- 12 to 94 +/- 15 beats/min; p less than .01), left ventricular systolic pressure did not change, and mean aortic pressure fell by 11% (p less than .01). Left ventricular peak filling rate increased (1.2 +/- 0.6 to 1.7 +/- 0.7 end-diastolic volumes/sec; p less than or equal to .02) despite a decrease in left ventricular filling pressure (mean pulmonary wedge pressure 27 +/- 7 to 18 +/- 9 mm Hg; p less than .01). There was a fall in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (28.6 +/- 6 to 19 +/- 7 mm Hg; p less than or equal to .01), with no significant change in left ventricular end-diastolic volume. This was associated with a downward shift in the left ventricular diastolic pressure-volume relationship in most cases.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association