Systemic venous and pulmonary arterial flow patterns after Fontan's procedure for tricuspid atresia or single ventricle.
Despite increasing use of Fontan or modified Fontan repairs, the comparative hemodynamic efficacy of different types of connections are unresolved. Accordingly, we undertook a prospective study designed to determine postoperative flow patterns after Fontan's operation. Seven subjects had tricuspid atresia and eight had single ventricle. Ages ranged from 5 to 38 years (mean 16.4). Ten subjects had nonvalved right atrial-to-pulmonary arterial connection, and four had nonvalved right atrial-to-right ventricular communication. A valved conduit established continuity between the right atrium and right ventricle in one subject. Doppler flow profiles were recorded in the pulmonary artery and in the superior and inferior venae cavae of each. A reference electrocardiogram was used for timing purposes. In 14 patients, forward flow in the pulmonary artery was biphasic. Flow began at the end of the T wave (early ventricular diastole), peaked at or before the P wave (atrial systole), and returned to baseline by the peak of the R wave. Forward flow recommenced at the peak of the R wave (ventricular systole) and returned to baseline at the end of the T wave. Flow in the superior vena cava varied, and could not be recorded in three subjects. Between the end of the P wave and peak of the R wave (atrial systole) flow was reversed in eight, absent in three, and forward in one patient. Forward flow occurred between the peak of the R wave and the end of the T wave and was either continuous or biphasic. Fourteen patients had adequate studies of inferior vena cava flow; reversed flow during atrial systole occurred in 10 subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association